Friday, May 12, 2006
‘The Language of Athenian Democracy in the New Testament’
There are two particular words I am thinking of here: ekklesia and kerux. It is unfortunate, in my opinion, that these words are consistently translated one way in ‘Bible Greek’ and another way in ‘secular Greek’ when Bible Greek and secular Greek are the same language! In secular Greek they are “assembly” and “herald” respectively, but in New Testament translations they are usually “church” and “preacher.” Now, these are perfectly ordinary words in the Greek, but their usage by the Athenian democracy was so prominent in the literary tradition of Greece that I cannot imagine that the Greek speaking Christians in the first century who first began to use these words didn’t have classical Athens in mind, so let’s start from the beginning and have a brief discussion of the history of these words, and what the choice of these words might tell us about the early Church’s self-understanding and its message to the world.