January Series Calvin College

Stuart J. Kingma

"W.H.O. WARNING: Preventing Tribal Wars Reduces Risks to Health"

Stuart J. Kingma Tribalism, one of the oldest forms of social organization, continues today as a struggle for cultural and economic power, control, and domination in many parts of the world. Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century colonialism created a new tribal landscape, breaking up historical tribal patterns by dividing tribes and by forcing tribal enemies to live together within imposed, arbitrary national boundaries. For twenty years, Stuart Kingma, MD, working throughout the world with the World Health Organization to combat the spread of AIDS, has observed firsthand how increasingly important our understanding of tribalism is to the prevention of continued deadly conflict in areas of the world such as Eritrea and Ethiopia, Israel and Palestine, the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Cambodia, and Jammu and Kashmir, and thus to world health.


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Contact June Hamersma Last revised on 12/28/98 by Judi Tieri.