How and why do we make recombinant DNAs and transgenic organisms? How and why do we manipulate stem cells? How are these and other forms of biotechnology being applied in medicine, agriculture, industry, forensics, and environmental bioremediation? In reading assignments and discussions, students explore scientific, societal, and Christian perspectives of biotechnology?including biosafety, sustainability, patenting, and ethical concerns. In laboratory exercises, students manipulate DNA, make genetically modified organisms, and analyze the effects of these manipulations. Lectures and laboratories. Prerequisites: Biology 224 (or 141), 250, Chemistry 253 (or 261 and 262).