|Return to bibliography homepage
Hopkins, Sarah Mott. (dissertation) Effects of Short-Term service Ministry Trips on the
Development of Social Responsibility in College Students. Newberg, Oreg.: George
Fox University, 2000.
64 George Fox students who participated in one of 5 week-long mission trips in the Northwest UNITES STATES and control group of students in a general psychology class took Starrett's Global Social Responsibility Inventory. Students who participated in the mission trips demonstrated stronger sense of social responsibility than did a control group immediately after trip, and this effect persisted four weeks later.
There was also some indication that trips in which volunteers interacted with marginalized populations (i.e. homeless people, battered women) increased a sense of social responsibility more than trips devoted to service/work projects and devotion alone (i.e. a trip to make repairs at a Christian camp and do devotions). Differences in scores remained constant across all 3 administrations of test, however, so self-selection/interest of students may really be more at cause than location in itself.
- Gender: volunteers-50 female, 14 male; control group-23 female, 13 male.
- Previous community service: volunteers-98%; control group-86%
- Religious identity: of all in both groups who responded to this question, 97% Christian
- Family history of social responsibility: of all in both groups who responded to this question, 92% said family had some history of social responsibility.
- Overall, control group tended to be in lower grades/younger than volunteers (control group was an introductory/general ed class).
- 98% of all respondents (volunteers and control) identified selves as Christian and white (non-hispanic).
- Test given to trip participants immediately prior to leaving, and 1 week later just prior to returning to the University. Follow-up test given 4 weeks after return.
- Tests give to control group second week of semester, one week later; follow up test four weeks later.
- Students did activities like working at homeless shelters, sorting clothing, playing with kids at a home for disadvantaged children, work projects, working in a battered women's shelter, etc.