BIOL W10 The White Plague - Poverty & Tuberculosis. Historically known as the White Plague, tuberculosis (Tb) is a highly contagious airborne disease. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected, and Tb accounts for 2 million deaths every year. Tb is often characterized as a disease of poverty since the poor and marginalized bear the heaviest burden. While this is true and the vast majority of Tb-related deaths currently occur in the developing world,Tb remains a significant public health concern worldwide. In fact, several developed countries continue to experience higher than expected rates of infection and some have even experienced a resurgence of Tb infections over the past decade. This class provides a historical perspective of the impact of Tb on human health, an analysis of past and present public health strategies used to control this disease, and explores what needs to be done to confront new challenges posed by Tb. Students investigate the biological, socio-economic and geo-political factors that contribute to shaping the current face of Tb, paying particular attention to how poverty impacts efforts to control Tb disease both within the United States and internationally. Students are responsible for specific reading assignments every day and classes largely revolve around discussions of the assigned readings and/or documentaries watched during class. Students are evaluated based on daily reflections on the assigned readings, participation in classroom discussions as well as a final project. An extensive understanding of biological concepts is not required for this class and students from a variety of academic backgrounds are encouraged to enroll. Y. Bediako. 8:30 a.m. to noon.
BIOL W60 Ecology on the Equator: The Serengeti (MAY). Located just south of the equator, the Serengeti in Africa is one of the most biologically unique and fascinating places on earth. Participants in this course travel to several different Tanzanian National Parks to spend time exploring and experiencing various tropical ecosystems. Students investigate the species diversity and natural history of the local flora and fauna as well as study some of the conservation efforts currently being undertaken to preserve these ecosystems. Particular attention will be given to the application of Reformed Christian principles of biological and economic stewardship as tools for assessing the current and future status of these important natural areas. Daily fieldwork combines plant and animal identification with an investigation of ecological processes and an evaluation of human impacts. Evaluation is based on a daily journal, active participation in course activities, and a written examination. Prerequisites: one biology course (high school or college) and permission of the instructor. Course dates: May 17 to June 3. Off campus. Fee: $4470. C. Blankespoor. Off Campus.
BIOL W61 Mammalian Histology. Histology is the study of the structure and structure-related function of cells, tissues, and organs. The emphasis of this course is placed on identifying mammalian tissues and organs on the basis of microscopic cellular appearance and on identifying the functions of these cells and tissues based on their structural characteristics. Characteristics and functions of the four fundamental tissues (epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural) and how they make up organs with many different specialized functions are presented in daily lectures. Following each lecture is a laboratory period in which students study prepared tissue slides using microscopes and computer-based images. Evaluation is based on written tests on lecture material and on laboratory tests using microscopes and prepared tissue slides and/or computer images. Prerequisite: Biology 141, 224, or 205. R. Nyhof. 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
STBR 310H Honors London-History of science, medicine and religion. London, one of the world’s foremost cities, is a treasure trove of the history of religion, science and medicine, as well as all facets of culture. Throughout the Scientific Revolution and beyond, most scientists were individuals of significant Christian faith who perceived their work as both discovering the Creator’s handiwork and worshipping God. Many struggled with apparent tensions between their discoveries and traditional teachings of the church. This course will utilize London and its surrounding environs to explore predominantly the history of British medicine, science, and religion but also British life and culture. On-site visits within greater London will include the British Museum, British Library, Buckingham Palace, Churchill Museum, Florence Nightingale Museum, Hunterian Museum, Imperial War Museum, London Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Royal Observatory, Royal Society, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Tower of London, Victoria and Albert Museum, Westminster Abbey, and Windsor Castle. The course will include at least five day-long field trips to Stonehenge and Salisbury, Oxford, Cambridge, Downe, and Windsor. Class sessions will consist of lectures and discussions of assigned readings. Students will write a paper primarily on a prominent person in the history of science/medicine or religion, do brief on-site presentations related to their prominent person, maintain a journal, and engage in cross cultural reflections. Two pre-course meetings in fall, 2012, and pre-course readings and research required. This cours is a graded honors course and may be used to fulfill an honors requirement. Prerequisites: one course in the Natural World and one course in Religion, Philosophy or History, or permission of the instructor. This course will fulfill the CCE requirement. Course dates: January 3-24. Fee: $3925. H. Bouma III. Off campus.
IDIS W16 Wildfire: A Natural and Cultural History. R. Van Dragt, D. Warners. 8:30 a.m. to noon.
IDIS W21 Eating Lower on the Food Chain. Fee: $100. D. Koetje. 8:30 a.m. to noon.
IDIS W40 Harness the Wind: Learn to Sail. Course dates: January 2-19. Fee: $2780. J. Ubels. Off campus.
IDIS W60 Galapagos-Amazonia. Course dates: January 3-23. Fee: $4985. C. Blankespoor, D. Dornbos. Off campus.
SPAUD 343 Principles of Human Neuroanatomy. E. Helder, P. Tigchelaar. 8:30 a.m. to noon.