W10 Tropical Ecosystems. Tropical ecosystems contain the highest concentration of Earth’s biodiversity. Under the pressures of human population growth and resource use, tropical ecosystems are also experiencing the highest rates of biodiversity loss. How can successful conservation work occur such that the well-being of local people is not compromised or even promoted? And how can human-centered development work be done in such a way that the natural ecosystem to which humans belongs is not degraded? These are the fundamental questions we engage as we survey a variety of tropical habitats in Belize and Costa Rica - including coral reefs, mangrove swamps, rain forests, alpine cloud forests and montane pinelands. Daily field trips will combine plant and animal identification, investigation of ecosystem processes and evaluation of human impact. Extended interaction with local inhabitants, including an overnight stay with villagers of Maya Centre in Belize will provide cross-cultural engagement credit for the course. Course evaluation will be based on a daily journal, active participation in course activities and evening discussions, as well as one written test. This course may fulfill an elective in the International Development Studies major. Course dates: January 6-26. Fee: $3400. R. Van Dragt, D. Warners. Off campus.
W60 Clinical Neuroanatomy. The course attempts to link basic neural structure and function with neurological disorders. A concept of the three-dimensional structure of the brain and spinal cord is formed by studying the gross features of the intact human brain and spinal cord and progressing towards a greater macroscopic differentiation of structure by using representations of human material. The microscopic anatomy of the human brain and spinal cord is studied by using histological preparations. The course includes morning lectures and discussions with some additional time required in the afternoon to complete independent projects. Field trips to examine case studies and neuropathology are included. An assigned text is augmented with prepared handouts. A goal is that the student may gain a basic and clear understanding of the anatomy of the human nervous system with some understanding of its functional and clinical significance. Evaluation includes class participation, performance on exams, and an oral presentation. Prerequisites: BIOL 242 and consent of instructor. P. Tigchelaar. 8:30 a.m. to noon.
W61 Pathogens & Pandemic Potential. This course will introduce students to the topic of infectious diseases and their potential for catastrophic, worldwide outbreaks. Students will investigate historical pandemics and the biological, societal, and cultural factors that contributed to their emergence, transmission, devastation, and eventual control. With this understanding, students will evaluate local and global threats to health from pathogens that might be present in water, food, air, body fluids, various environments, and from deliberate activities such as bioterrorism. Students will gain an appreciation for the roles of governments, public health officials, and non-governmental agencies in predicting, monitoring, and responding to infectious disease outbreaks. Guest speakers will demonstrate the work and challenges of public health professionals and provide insight into career options. Activities will include field trips, laboratory exercises, and computer simulations. Students will be evaluated by quizzes and exams, independent activities, and class participation. Prerequisite: one college course in the natural sciences. D. DeHeer, A. Hoogerwerf. 8:30 a.m. to noon.
W62 Pathophysiology. Pathophysiology is the study of altered normal body function leading to a state of disease. This course presents the etiology, pathology, and prognosis of many human diseases. The structural and functional changes of diseases of the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hormonal, muscular, neural, renal, reproductive, and respiratory systems are covered using the classic organ system approach and case studies. Students will draw from physiology (how human body systems work) to learn about pathophysiology (how disease affects the normal operation of human systems). Students are evaluated on the basis of tests, a research paper, and a class presentation. Prerequisite: BIOL 206, 242, or 331. R. Nyhof. 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
IDIS W12 Galapagos: Evolution’s Diamonds or Ecuador’s DisneyIslands. C. Blankespoor, S. Vander Linde.
IDIS W18 Chinese Medicine and Culture . A. Shen.
IDIS W46 Transforming Cambodia. L. De Rooy, D. Dornbos.
CANCELED IDIS W63 Science Wars: Controversies & Consensus. K. Grasman.
IDIS W64 West Michigan Food Systems. D. Koetje, H. Quemada.