An essay is a short work or chapter contained
in a book. The book contains the works of several authors. It
is sometimes referred to as a "book article," so the
citation has characteristics of both a book and an article citation.
Please note! The format of citations vary
considerably between databases. All these characteristics may
not be present in one citation. If a citation contains two or
more of these characteristics, it's probably an essay citation.
|1 - A citation for an essay will have numbers
referring to the beginning and ending pages of the essay
(e.g., p. 277-292) like a journal article citation..
|2 & 3 - But the presence of a publisher
and the publisher's city (2) and the abbreviation, ISBN
(3) identify the item as a book. So, if there are some clues
that seem to indicate this citation is for a journal article,
these clues help show that this is really an essay in a
|4 - The word "essay" in the Document
type field dispels all doubt.
|Frequently, an essay citation contains the word "In"
somewhere in the "Source" field.