(emphasis on Michigan excavations and research)

Abraczinskas, Laura Marie. 1993. "Pleistocene Proboscidean Sites in Michigan; New Records and an Update on Published Sites." Michigan Academician 25, no. 4: 443-490.

Fisher, D.C. 1984. "Taphonomic Analysis of Late Pleistocene Mastodon Occurrences: Evidence of Butchery by North American Paleo-Indians." Paleobiology 10, no.3: 338-357. view abstract

Fisher, D.C. 1984. "Mastodon Butchery by North American Paleo-Indians." Nature 308, no. 5956: 271-272. view abstract

Fisher, Daniel. 19??. "Age, Sex, and Season of Death of the Grandville Mastodont." The Michigan Archaeologist, v.36, Nos.3-4. view abstract

Hatt, Robert T. 1965. "The Littlest Mastodon." Cranbrook Inst. Sci. News Letter 35, no. 2: 20-23. view abstract

Hibbard, Claude. 19??. "Animal Life in Michigan During the Ice Age. Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review, Vol. LVII, No. 18.
(an oldy but a goody. Some stuff is slightly out of date, but it's still a great overview)

Kapp, R. O.; Cleary, D. L.; Snyder, G. G., and others. 1990. "Vegetational and Climatic History of the Crystal Lake Area and the Eldridge Mastodont Site, Montcalm County, Michigan." American Midland Naturalist 123, no. 1 (199001): 47-63.

Koch, Paul L.; Daniel C. Fisher, and David Dettman. 1989. "Oxygen Isotope Variation in the Tusks of Extinct Proboscideans: A Measure of Season of Death and Seasonality," Geology, v. 17: 515-519   view abstract

Koch, Paul Lewis. 1989. "Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene Mastodonts and Mammoths from Southern Michigan and Western New York." Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States (Doctoral).

Koch, Paul L. 1991. "The Isotopic Ecology of Pleistocene Proboscideans." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 11, no. 3 (19910930): 40.

Oltz, Donald F., Jr.; Kapp, Ronald O. 1963. "Plant Remains Associated with Mastodon and Mammoth Remains in Central Michigan." American Midland Naturalist 70, no. 2: 339-346.

Shipman, P.; Fisher, D.C.; Rose, J.J. 1984. "Mastodon Butcher: Microscopic Evidence of Carcass Processing and Bone Tool Use." Paleobiology 10, no.3: 358-365. view abstract

Shoshani, J. et al. 1989. "The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidiscinplinary Study of a Late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) Locality of Southeastern Michigan." University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology, Vol. 27, No. 14: 393-436 view abstract
(a very technical paper on the dig itself. A must-read for paleontology and archeology excavations)

Shoshani, Jeheskel. 1989. "A Report on the Shelton Mastodon Site and a Discussion of the Numbers of Mastodons and Mammoths in Michigan," The Michigan Academician, XXI: 115-132.
(very good mammoth/mastodon paper. Lots of info) view introduction

Skeels, Margaret Anne. 1962. "The Mastodons and Mammoths of Michigan." The Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Vol. XLVII.   view introduction
(one of the classic mastodon/mammoth papers. Lots of good info)

Stoermer, E.F.; Kociolek, J.P.; Shoshani, J., and others. 1988. "Diatoms from the Shelton Mastodon Site," Journal of Paleolimnology 1, no.3:193-199. view abstract

Stoutamire, Warren P.; Benninghoff, William S. 1964. "Biotic Assemblage Associated with a Mastodon Skull from Oakland County, Michigan." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 49: 47-60. view abstract

Winchell, Alexander. 1864. "Notice of the Remains of a Mastodon Recently Discovered in Michigan." American Journal of Science 38: 223-224.


Recreative drawing and comparison of the American Mastodon and various types of mammoths


Mastodon Drawing (contributed 2/28/2001 by Chris Loades)

Mastodon diorama

Pencil drawing of a mastodon skeleton

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