Lake Michigan Coastal Dunes
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References - Human Impacts on Dunes

A list of journal articles (and a book) reporting on the effects of human activities on sand dunes.

  • Anders, F.J. and Leatherman, S.P., 1987. Effects of off-road vehicles on coastal foredunes at Fire Island, New York, USA. Environmental Management, 11(1): 45-52.
  • Andersen, U.V., 1995. Resistance of Danish coastal vegetation types to human trampling. Biological Conservation, 71: 223-230.
  • Boorman, L.A. and Fuller, R.M., 1977. Studies on the impact of paths on dune vegetation at Winterton, Norfolk, England. Biological Conservation, 12: 203-315.
  • Bowles, J.M. and Maun, M.A., 1982. A study of the effects of trampling on the vegetation of Lake Huron sand dunes at Pinery Provincial Park. Biological Conservation, 24: 273-283.
  • Burden, R.F. and Randerson, P.F., 1972. Quantitative studies of the effects of human trampling on vegetation as an aid to the management of semi-natural areas. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 9(2): 439-457.
  • Carlson, L.H. and Godfrey, P.J., 1989. Human impact management in a coastal recreation and natural area. Biological Conservation, 49: 141-156.
  • Godfrey, P.J., Leatherman, S.P. and Buckley, P.A., 1980. ORVs and barrier beach degradation. Parks, 5(2): 5-11.
  • Hosier, P.E. and Eaton, T.E., 1980. The impact of vehicles on dune and grassland vegetation on a south-eastern North Carolina barrier beach. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 17(1): 173-182.
  • Hylgaard, T., 1980. Recovery of plant communities on coastal sand dunes disturbed by human trampling. Biological Conservation, 19: 15-25.
  • Hylgaard, T. and Liddle, M.J., 1981. The effect of human trampling on a sand dune ecosystem dominated by Empetrum nigrum. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 18(2): 559-569.
  • Kutiel, P., Eden, E. and Zhevelev, Y., 2000. Effect of experimental trampling and off-road motorcycle traffic on soil and vegetation of stabilized coastal dunes, Israel. Environmental Conservation, 27(1): 14-23.
  • Kutiel, P., Zhelevev, H. and Harrison, R., 1999. The effect of recreational impacts on soil vegetation of stabilised coastal dunes in the Sharon Park, Israel. Ocean and Coastal Management, 42(1041-1060).
  • Liddle, M.J., 1975. A selective review of the ecological effects of human trampling on natural ecosystems. Biological Conservation, 7: 17-36.
  • Liddle, M.J. and Grieg-Smith, P., 1975a. A survey of tracks and paths in a sand dune ecosystem. I. Soils. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(3): 893-908.
  • Liddle, M.J. and Grieg-Smith, P., 1975b. A survey of tracks and paths in a sand dune ecosystem. II. Vegetation. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(3): 909-930.
  • Liddle, M.J. and Moore, K.G., 1974. The microclimate of sand dune tracks: the relative contribution of vegetation removal and soil compression. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 11(3): 1057-1068.
  • Lonsdale, W.M. and Lane, A.M., 1994. Tourist vehicles as vectors of weed seeds in Kakadu National Park, Northern Australia. Biological Conservation, 69: 277-283.
  • Luckenbach, R.A. and Bury, R.B., 1983. Effects of off-road vehicles on the biota of the Algodones dunes, Imperial County, California. Journal of Applied Ecology, 20: 265-286.
    McDonnell, M.J., 1981. Trampling effects on coastal dune vegetation in the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, MA, USA. Biological Conservation, 21: 289-301.
  • Nordstrom, K.F., 2000. Beaches and Dunes of Developed Coasts. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 338 pp.
  • Priskin, J., 2003. Physical impacts of four-wheeled drive related tourism and recreation in a semi-arid, natural coastal environment. Ocean and Coastal Management, 46: 127-155.
  • Rickard, C.A., McLachlan, A. and Kerley, G.I.H., 1994. The effects of vehicular and pedestrian traffic on dune vegetation in South Africa. Ocean and Coastal Management, 23: 225-247.
  • Tzatzanis, M., Wrbka, T. and Sauberer, N., 2003. Landscape and vegetation responses to human impact in sandy coasts of Western Crete, Greece. Journal for Nature Conservation, 11: 187-195.
  • Williams, A.T. and Davies, P., 2001. Coastal dunes of Wales; vulnerability and protection. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 7: 145-154.

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Last updated 03/23/10.