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Careers: Geography

Why Choose Geography?

1. World Changer

  • Geography tackles issues of local, national, and global significance:
    • Globalization is researched heavily by geographers to understanding the dynamic changing economic, cultural and enviornmental landscapes and spatial interactions at all scales.
    • Geographic Technologies in digital mapping (GIS), satellite remote sensing, and GPS in cell phones and cars, and online mapping at your fingertips are driven by geographers.
    • Enivornmental Change is an area geographers are leading in scholarship and atmospheric science.
    • MORE! See below to examine the multiple trajectories you might consider with a major in geography!


2. Great Paying Jobs That are in High Demand

  • The US Department of Labor Labor projects “much faster than average” growth, in excess of 20% or more, in jobs for geographers, geoscientists, cartographers, urban and regional planners, and other geographic professionals, with projected needs of upwards of 15,000 additional employees in each of these career fields between 2008-2018.
  • Geospatial technology is one of the most important emerging and evolving fields in the technology industry.
  • Urban planning is consistently one of the “hot jobs” in the USA.


What Geographers Do

Geography is unique in bridging the social sciences and the natural sciences. There are two main branches of geography: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the spatial aspects of human existence. Physical geographers study patterns of climates, landforms, vegetation, soils, and water. Geographers use many tools and techniques in their work, and geographic technologies are increasingly important for understanding our complex world. They include Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), and online mapping such as Google Earth.

Explore the links below to review sample job titles associated with specific subfields within geography.


    Weather and Climate


    Natural Hazards

    Economic Geography

    Political Geography

    Cultural Geography

    Population Geography

    Human-Environment Interaction




    Remote Sensing

    Field Methods

    Spatial Statistics

    Regional Geography

    Spatial Thinking

    Global Perspective

    Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Diversity Perspective

    Subdiscipline definitions from: Solem, Michael, Ivan Cheung, and M. Beth Schlemper. Skills in professional geography: An assessment of workforce needs and expectations. The Professional Geographer 60, no. 3 (2008): 356-373.


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