The temple itself is divided into two halls by a partition and each hall has its own portico. The larger of the two halls is the cella, which had its own two story inner colonnade. An ambulatory on the second story allowed easier viewing of the chryselephantine Statue of Athena Parthenos. The east portico (the pronaos) served as the entrance to the cella.

The statue of Athena was a wooden frame, adorned in gold with skin of ivory and eyes of precious stone. Standing upright, she held a crowned victory in one hand and a spear in the other. At her side was a shield depicting the Amazonomachy (in which Pheidias and Pericles were allegedly depicted). The Gigantomachia was portrayed on the other side. Her sandals were carved with the battle of the Lapiths and the Centaurs. Her helmet was topped with a sphinx. On the statue's base was a relief of Pandora's birth.

The west portico, the Opisthodomos, is modeled nearly exactly like the east portico and the western chamber was used as a treasury. Of the many friezes, remnants of the south, north, and east friezes can be found in London and at the Acropolis Museum. Nearly all of the west frieze is still intact. The friezes depicted the Greater Panathenaia, which feature various contests, a parade, and a symbolic presentation of a new robe to Athena.

Parthenon - East Pronaos Parthenon - West Detail Parthenon - SE corner
Parthenon West Frieze Parthenon Interior Order Parthenon Statue Reproduction - Nashville Parthenon NW Metope