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Academics: Classics 221

Classics 221: Classical Art and Architecture

Professor: Ken Bratt
Office: HH-365
Phone: (616) 526-6296

Course Description: This course is an introduction to the major monuments and sites of ancient Greek and Roman civilization from the Bronze Age to the late Empire. We give primary attention to the origins and development of Greek sculpture, painting, & architecture, and to their transformation in the arts of Rome and early Christianity. Like most art history courses, this one is taught primarily through slide lectures and requires short analytical papers.

Expectations & Grading: The primary expectations are faithful attendance and punctual completion of all reading and writing requirements. Grades will be based on three tests and three papers, all of which are weighted equally. Students who wish to earn honors credit must complete one substantial research project (instead of the third short paper) and earn an overall grade of B+ or higher in the course. Calvin College will make reasonable accommodations for individuals with documented disabilities. Such students should notify the Coordinator of Services for Students with Disabilities (Student Academic Services, HH 455) and should speak with me within the first two weeks of class.

Textbooks: (in order of use)

Preziosi, Donald & Louise Hitchcock. Aegean Art & Architecture. (Oxford: 2000)
Pollitt, Jerome J. Art & Experience in Classical Greece. (Cambridge: 1972)
Burn, Lucilla. Hellenistic Art From Alexander the Great to Augustus. (Oxford: 2005)
Ramage, Nancy & Andrew. Roman Art: Romulus to Constantine.
Prentice Hall 5th ed: 2009)

Major topics covered: 

Introduction to Prehistoric Aegean Art; Minoan Art & Architecture
Mycenaean Art & Architecture; The Collapse of Mycenaean civilization
“Geometric” & “Orientalizing” art
Archaic Art & Architecture
Early Classical Art & Architecture
High Classical Art & Architecture; The Parthenon
Late Classical Art & Architecture
The Age of Alexander the Great; Hellenistic public art & architecture
Hellenistic private art & themes
Introduction to Roman civilization; art & architecture of the Roman Republic
The Augustan Age; The Julio-Claudians
The Flavians; Trajanic art & architecture
Hadrianic art & architecture; the Antonines
Art & Architecture of the 3rd century
The earliest Christian art; Constantine
The legacy of classical art     


Minoan and Mycenaean:

Chadwick, J. The Mycenaean World. DF 220 C43
Christopoulou, G.A. et al. Pre-History and Proto-History (of Greece) to 1100 B.C.
fol. DF 759 H513 1975 v.1
Graham J.W. Palaces of Crete. NA 279 C7 G7 1972
Hampe, R. & E. Simon. The Birth of Greek Art. N 5700 H313 1981
Immerwahr, S. Aegean Painting in the Bronze Age. ND 2570 I45 1990
Mylonas, G. Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age. DF 221 M9 M93
Tolstikov, V. & M. Triester. The Gold of Troy. DF 221 T8 T65 1996
Vermeule, E. Greece in the Bronze Age. DF 220 V4
Wood, M. In Search of the Trojan War. DF 221 T8 W66 1986

Greek Art and Archaeology (general):

Andronicos, M. The Acropolis. N 2424 A53
______. Vergina: The Royal Tombs. DF 221 V4 A72
Biers, W. The Archeology of Greece: An Introduction. DF 77 B58
Boardman, J. (ed.) Oxford History of Classical Art. N 5610 O84 1993
Charbonneaux, J. et al. Archaic Greek Art. N 5630 C457
______. Classical Greek Art. N 5630 C46
Christopoulou, G.A. et al. The Archaic Period. fol. DF 759 H5813 1975 v.2
Ginouves, R. (ed.) Macedonia. DF 233 G5613 1994
Hurwit, J. The Athenian Acropolis. DF 287 A2 H87 1999
Morris, S.P. Daidalos and the Origins of Greek Art. N 5633 M67 1997
Richter, G. A Handbook of Greek Art. N 5630 R49
Schoder, R.V. Masterpieces of Greek Art. N 5630 S35
Pollitt, J.J. Art in the Hellenistic Age. N 5630 P55 1986
Williams, D. & J. Ogden. Greek Gold: Jewelry of the Classical World. NK 7303.3 W55 1994

Greek Architecture:

Boardman, J. & D. Finn. The Parthenon and Its Sculpture. NA 281 B63 1985
Dinsmoor, W.B. Architecture of Ancient Greece. NA 270 D5
Green, P. The Parthenon. DF 287 P3 G73
Lawrence, A.W. Greek Architecture. NA 270 L36 1996
Robertson, D.S. Greek and Roman Architecture. NA 260 R6
Tournikiotis, P. (ed.) The Parthenon and Its Impact in Modern Times. NA 281 P36 1996

Greek Pottery and Painting:

Boardman, J. Athenian Black-Figure Vases. NK 4648 B62 1974
______. Athenian Red-Figure Vases: Archaic Period. NK 4649 B62
Pfuhl, E. Masterpieces of Greek Drawing and Painting. ND 110 P43
Robertson, M. Greek Painting. ND 110 R6
Schreiber, T. Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis. NK 4645 S365 1999

Greek Sculpture:

Boardman, J. Greek Sculpture: Archaic Period. NB 90 B62
______. Greek Sculpture: The Classical Period. NB 90 B63 1985e
Mattusch, C. Classical Bronzes. NB 135 M38 1996
Palagia, O. The Pediments of the Parthenon. NA 281 P28 1993
Richter, G. Korai: Archaic Maidens. NB 94 R52
______. Kouroi: Archaic Males. NB 90 R53
Ridgway, B. The Severe Style in Greek Sculpture. NB 90 R57
______. Fifth-Century Styles in Greek Sculpture. NB 90 R564
______. Hellenistic Sculpture I: Styles of 331-200 B.C. NB 94 R535 1990
______. Fourth-Century Styles in Greek Sculpture. NB 90 R565 1997
Smith, R.R. Hellenistic Sculpture: A Handbook. NB 90 S56 1991
Stewart, A. Greek Sculpture. NB 90 S74 1990 v.1-2

Roman Art and Archeology (general):

Andreae, B. The Art of Rome. N 5760 A4813
Bandinelli, R.B. Rome: Center of Power. N 5760 B513
D'Ambra, E. Roman Art. N 5760 D435 1998
Elsner, J. Art and the Roman Viewer. N 5760 E48 1995
Hanfmann, G. Roman Art. N 5740 H3
Henig, M. A Handbook of Roman Art. N 5610 H35 1983
Kleiner, D.E. & S.B. Matheson (eds.) I Claudia: Women in Ancient Rome. N 5763 I25 1996
Laurence, R. Roman Pompeii: Space and Society. DG 70 P7 L38 1994
Zanker, P. The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus. N 5760 Z36 1988

Roman Architecture:

Ashby, T. Aqueducts of Ancient Rome. DG 67 A8 1973
Clarke, J.R. The Houses of Roman Italy: 100 B.C.- A.D. 250. NA 324 C57 1991
Hodge, H. Trevor. Roman Aqueducts and Water Supply. TD 398 H64 1992
Jashemski, W.M. The Gardens of Pompeii, Herculaneum, etc. fol. DG 70 P7 J37
Macdonald, W.L. The Pantheon. NA 323 M3
_____. The Architecture of the Roman Empire. NA 310 M2 1982 v.1
_____ & J.A. Pinto. Hadrian's Villa and Its Legacy. NA 327 T5 M23 1995
Packer, J. The Forum of Trajan in Rome. NA 312 P23 1997 v.1-2
Percival, J. The Roman Villa. DG 97 P35 1976b
Richardson, L. Pompeii: An Architectural History. NA 327 P6 R53 1988
Smith, J.T. Roman Villas. NA 335 E85 S65 1997
Wallace-Hadrill, A. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. DG 70 P7 W33 1994
Ward-Perkins, J.B. Roman Architecture. NA 310 W32 1977

Roman Painting:

de Franciscis, A. Pompeiian Wall Paintings in the Villa of Oplontis. ND 2575 F6613
Dorigo, W. Late Roman Painting. ND 2555 D65 En
Ling, R. Roman Painting. ND 120 L56 1991
Maiuri, A. Roman Painting. ND 120 M25
Picard, G.C. Roman Painting. N 5790 C52

Roman Sculpture:

Conlin, D.A. The Artists of the Ara Pacis. NB 133 C66 1997
Hekler, A. Greek and Roman Portraits. NB 164 H4 1972
Kleiner, D. Roman Sculpture. NB 115 K57 1992
Koortbojian, M. Myth, Meaning & Memory on Roman Sarcophagi. NB 133.5 S46 K66 1995
Ridgway, B. Roman Copies of Greek Sculpture. NB 94 R54 1984
Rossi, L. Trajan's Column and the Dacian Wars. DG 59 D3 R68
Simon, E. Ara Pacis Augustae. NA 323 S5
Strong, E. Roman Sculpture from Augustus to Constantine. NB 115 S8 1971
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman Historical Portraits. NB 1296.3 T69 1978b

Early Christian Art and Architecture:

du Bourguet, P. Early Christian Painting. N 7832 D8
Elsner, J. Imperial Rome and the Christian Triumph. N 5760 E47 1998
Finney, P. C. The Invisible God: The Earliest Christians on Art. BV 150 F56 1994
Gassiot-Talabot, G. Roman and Paleo-Christian Painting. ND 120 G313
Krautheimer, R. Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. NA 370 K7
Mathews, T.F. The Clash of Gods: A Reinterpretation of Early Christian Art. N 7832 M36 1993
Milburn, R.L. Early Christian Art and Architecture. N 7832 M495 1988
Stevenson, J. The Catacombs. BR 132 S74
Weitzmann, K. et al. The Age of Spirituality. N 5340 A35
White, L.M. The Social Origins of Early Christian Architecture. NA 4817 W56 1996 v. 2