German Propaganda Archive Calvin College

 

Background: The Nazis developed a system of holidays of pseudo-religious nature. The most solemn of these was 9 November, the anniversary of Hitlerís 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. Every year, impressive observances were held in Munich, but also throughout the nation. For more information, see my article “Und Ihr habt doch gesiegt: Rhetorical Functions of a Nazi holiday,” Etc. A Review of General Semantics 36 (1979), pp. 134-146. The Nazis also developed art to go along with the holiday, examples of which are shown below. The pictures are thumbnails. Clicking on them will produce a larger version. For more information on 9 November ceremonies, see a page on organizing them.

The source: The paintings are taken from Die Kunst im Deutschen Reich, the glossy monthly published by the Zentralverlag der NSDAP. The issues are #5-6/1941, #11/1942 and #8-9/1942, in that order.


Nazi Art for 9 November

9 November painting In 1935, the bodies of the 16 who died in 1923 were moved to two “Honor Temples” in Munich, near the Feldhernhalle, the place where police had opened fire. In this painting, the party has gathered outside the Feldherrnhalle.

9 November painting

An annual procession was held each year from the original beer hall to the Feldherrnhalle. Flaming pylons each had the names of two of those who had died in service of the Nazi Party. Their names were read over loudspeakers as the procession drew abreast.

9 November painting

Here Hitler gives a salute to those who had died.

Postcard

This postcard commemorates the 1938 observances. The caption translates as: “And you have won in the end,” a quotation from Hitler suggesting that the cause the participants in the Beer Hall Putsch had died for had won. Thanks to Susan Henrick for the postcard.

Medal

Then there was this Nazi medal, given to those who had participated in the 1923 Putsch. It was about the ultimate “status symbol,” if one was a Nazi.

[Page copyright © 2000 by Randall Bytwerk. No unauthorized reproduction. My e-mail address is available on the FAQ page.]


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