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Academics: Courses

Communication arts and sciences

101 Oral Rhetoric (3). F, S. Students examine the principles of oral and visual rhetoric in this course, with an emphasis on guided practice in the development of effective speeches. The course leads students to understand the role of rhetoric in society, to think critically about rhetorical situations and practices, and to gain proficiency in the art of rhetoric.

117 Introduction to Theatre and Drama (3). S. A cultural examination of theatre and drama from script to performance, introducing students to the various components of the art. Students develop an understanding of how playwrights, actors, designers, directors and technicians collaborate in visual storytelling. Through reading scripts, viewing live and filmed performances, and engaging in discussion, students gain an enriched awareness of the theatrical process, learning how to understand and write about the theatre both critically and sensitively.

120 Calvin Theatre Company (1). F. S. Membership in this production practicum is determined annually by interview/audition. Members are actively encouraged to explore the intersection of their Christian faith and the production of high-quality pieces of theatre. In the process, they receive training in the various practical aspects of theatre through participation in one production each semester. Students may participate more than one year and are encouraged to experience as many different aspects of production as possible, both onstage and backstage. Theatre majors must complete four semester hours for the major, while minors must complete two semester hours. No more than six semester hours may count toward the requirement for graduation. Prerequisite: A cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher

140 Communication and Culture (3). F, S. This course examines the ways in which communication is used to create, maintain, and change culture. Students have the opportunity to apply a basic understanding of the concepts of communication and culture to a range of contemporary social issues, cultural texts, and communication practices. Emphasis is given to rhetorical and discussion methods to help students learn about analyzing and constructing oral and written arguments and to work cooperatively doing a research project for class presentation.

141 Visual Rhetoric (3). F. S. This course is a study of the rhetoric of images, how images create meaning, and how images are used to persuade. It leads students to understand the relationship between the rhetoric of images, the various audiences for those images, and their social contexts. Students learn to critique the construction of images, the ethical use of images, and the various meanings of images. Not offered Spring 2013

145 Introduction to Film & Media (4). F, S. A study of film and other moving image media as art forms and cultural phenomena, including dramatic, visual, and sonic elements, theme and focus, acting, and directorial style. Topics covered include the materials and methods of media production, the major styles and genres of moving image media, and the relationship of film and television to American and world culture. Course work includes a mandatory weekly screening (lab) and readings in the history, theory, and criticism of film and television.

180 Communicating with Digital Media (3). F. S. An introduction to the principles and practice of communicating a message to an audience through digital images (still pictures, moving pictures, and graphics) and digital sound (voice, music, ambient sound, and sound effects). Students will learn the fundamental techniques of preproduction planning, camera use, lighting, sound, and editing in order to communicate their ideas effectively, artistically, and ethically. Students also will learn to communicate their messages through digital channels, especially the Internet. The course will enable students interested in social media, public relations, advertising, journalism, corporate training, sales, e-learning, publishing, worship, and the arts to realize ideas through sound and image. Students attending advanced Media Production courses must take CAS 190.

190 Introduction to Digital Filmmaking(4). An introductory course in film-style production. Instruction includes pre-production planning, scriptwriting, image capture, sound, lighting and editing. Students will produce a series of exercises and a short finished video. Equipment is provided. Prerequisite for 200- and 300-level Digital Filmmaking courses.

200 Advanced Oral Rhetoric (4). F. S. Composition and presentation of types of speeches, participation in various types of speeches, participation in various types of discussion, readings in rhetorical theory, and criticism of selected contemporary speeches. Prerequisite: CAS 101, 141, or equivalent.

201 New Media (3). F. New Media offers students an advanced understanding of new media technologies, especially the ways in which new media have influenced human communication practices. Students will investigate cultural and rhetorical elements of online communities, virtual environments, new media technologies, digital communication strategies, and a variety of contemporary issues in the computerization of communication in work, home, church, and public discourse.

203 Performance Studies (3). S. An introduction to performance as a means of analyzing, appreciating, and celebrating life and literature. By providing training in the principles and techniques of performing before an audience, this course expands students' understanding of the relationships between text and performance, literature and human action, and written and oral forms of discourse. Genres examined include poetry, prose, non-fiction, oral history, and Biblical literature.

204 Directing Co-Curricular Programs (1). S This course explores how co-curricular programs, such as forensics and debate, are organized, administered, and implemented in schools. Students will explore the principles and rationale behind such programs and develop the instructional and assessment skills required to facilitate them. Students will participate in school settings. Not offered 2013-2014.

205 American Voices (3). Alternate years, offered Fall 2012. This course examines American oratory as an art form, an influence on the American experience, and a reflection of American culture. Students will develop an understanding of oratory as an aesthetic and practical art, deepen their knowledge of the American rhetorical tradition in its historical and intellectual contexts, and learn how the art of public speaking shapes our understanding of ourselves and our world. Emphasis is given to methods of critical listening and analysis and to how oratory has been transformed by the electronic age and its focus on the image. Not offered 2013-2014..

211 Argumentation and Advocacy (3). S. A study and application of basic principles of argumentation and advocacy. This course focuses on the dynamics of oral argument—ethical dimensions, use of language, informal logic, use of evidence and appeals, structure, and interactions with other arguments. Through analysis and practice, students will learn not only how to argue within academic contexts, but how to apply argumentative reasoning to everyday communication. Prerequisites: CAS 101 or permission of the instructor.

214 Creating Communication Arts in the Classroom (3). F, S. This course addresses how the communication arts, such as creative drama, reader's theater, and puppetry facilitate learning in educational settings. Students learn to analyze verbal and non-verbal communication, they engage in the strategies of rhetoric (such as organization, invention, and style) appropriate to the learning process, and they apply these skills and knowledge in school settings.

218 Acting for Stage and Screen(3). F. An introduction to the art of acting through readings, discussion, class exercises, improvisations and viewing performances. Students in this course learn the modern theories and techniques of acting, gaining a deep knowledge of how to both critically assess and realize finished performances for the theatre and screen. Focus is on the physical, emotional and textual preparation, exploring the creativity of the actor and culminating in a final performance.

222 Calvin Media Company (1). F, S. Students will participate in film, radio and television productions. Students may participate more than one semester, but no more than four semester hours may be applied toward major or graduation requirements. Permission of instructor required.

230 Media Cultures(3). F. A historical study of 20th and 21st century media and their various aesthetic, cultural, global, and political contexts. The relationship between the media arts and society motivates this historical survey of print journalism, advertising, radio, television, digital media and the Internet. Topics will include globalization, media systems, media industries, and mass consumption. No prerequisites.

238 Theory and Communication (3). Alternate Fall Semesters. An examination of the significance and role of theory in understanding the nature of human communication. The course focuses on the fundamental elements of communication processes, the assumptions that underlie communication theory, the similarities and differences between theoretical approaches, and the means of evaluating theoretical perspectives, including a Christian critique of communication theories.

240 Group Communication (3). F. Small group communication theory and practice. Students participate in group projects leading to class presentations. Topics include leadership, discussion, roles, consensus, organization, decision-making, leadership, and persuasion. Standards for ethical conduct are considered throughout the course.

248 Writing for the Media (3). F. An introduction to the content, styles, and formats of media scripts. The course emphasizes the differences in media writing compared with more familiar forms of writing, the role of the script as text in producing media programs, the styles of writing used (journalistic, dramatic, polemical, and emotive), and the technical requirements for scripts used to focus the work of directors, actors, camera, and sound technicians, editors and mixers in creating a media product. Prerequisites English 101, CAS 145 and 190, or permission of the instructor. Topics: playwriting and scriptwriting.

249 Digital Audio Production (3). . A course in the ethical, aesthetic, technical, and organizational principles that govern the recording and post-production of dialogue, music, and effects. Prerequisites: CAS 145 and 190.

250 Multi-Camera Production (3). F. An introduction to the theory and practice of studio-based video production. Various program formats are discussed and evaluated in light of particular communication principles and needs. Students gain experience with stationary video cameras, recorders, switchers and related technologies. Performance for the camera, studio lighting, audio recording and mixing principles are analyzed and demonstrated. Prerequisites: CAS 145 and 190 or permission of the instructor.

253 Intercultural Communication (3). F. S. An examination of the anthropological principles relating to cross-cultural communication. This examination requires an extensive comparison of the components of cultural systems and the nature of cultural dynamics. The areas of application include government, business, Peace Corps, development, and mission work, with special emphasis on the last two. Special topics include developing an appropriate attitude regarding indigenous cultures and the management of culture shock. Also listed as Sociology 253.

254 Film and Media Criticism (3). The theory and practice of film and media criticism. This course develops a Reformed lens for consumers and producers of media to evaluate film and mass media on behalf of church and society. Students write audience-focused reviews and evaluate others' criticism of media such as television, film, radio, popular music, and new media technologies (including the internet, digital music, video games, and blogs). Not offered 2013-2014..

255 Documentary Film and Television (4). F. An examination of the history, aesthetics, ethics and cultural and institutional functions of documentary film and television. Course includes a mandatory weekly screening (lab).

260 Interpersonal Communication (3). The interpersonal communication opportunities and problems faced by Christians as they seek to live the life of faith in contemporary society. The course focuses on the theories and the practice of interpersonal communication. Topics include the elements of dyadic communication, shyness, gender, conflict management, and relational enrichment. Not offered 2013-2014

270 Communication and Gender (3). F. A study and Christian evaluation of the relations between communication and gender, especially in interpersonal relationships, family, business, religious organizations, and educational institutions and religious settings. Not offered 2013-2014.

281 Film and Cultures I (4). F. F. A study of the development of film from its inception to 1960, considering cinema as an art form in the context of culture, technology, and economics. Topics include the invention of film, silent film, the rise of the classical Hollywood style and alternatives, the coming of sound, color, and widescreen, the global influence of and resistance to Hollywood, and the most important films, directors, and movements of world film. A weekly screening lab is mandatory. .

282 Film and Cultures II (4). S. A study of the development of film from 1960 to the present, considering film as an art form in the context of culture, technology, and economics. Topics include the European art cinema, the "New Hollywood," the development of the blockbuster, creative and economic influences on cinema outside the United States, the most important films, directors, and movements in film, and the impact of developing digital technologies on cinematic art. A weekly screening lab is mandatory.

284 Film and Media Theory (3) S. An introduction to the key aesthetic and cultural paradigms employed in the study of film and media. Students are introduced to the diverse ways in which media is examined and critiqued, central theoretical, ethical, and critical issues surrounding the study of the moving image media, and major theories based on cognitive, ideological, semiotic, structuralist, feminist, and cultural perspectives. Various schools of film and media criticism (e.g., formalist, auteur, genre, humanist, and religious) are considered. Not offered 2012-2013.

285 Advertising and Public Relations (3). F, S. How and why organizations use advertising and public relations to influence various publics. The course emphasizes the historical development of advertising and public relations, as well as current issues in these industries

290 Video Production II (3). F, S. How and why organizations use advertising and public relations to influence various publics. The course emphasizes the historical development of advertising and public relations, as well as current issues in these industries.

296 Film as a Narrative Art (3). In-depth examination of the art of narrative film, focusing each semester on one or more directors, genres, or styles of filmmaking. The course pays particular attention to narration and narrative structure, characterization, conflict, setting, and point of view and also acquaints students with literary adaptation and with the contribution of film image and sound to narrative development. The course emphasizes the development of student skills in writing about film. Not offered 2013-2014.

303 Applied Theatre (3). A study of the theory and practice of theatre and drama used for human reflection or to raise awareness and effect social change. Students will learn to apply the core practices of facilitating, scripting and play-building to real-world contexts, while performing community service work with local agencies. Topics of study will depend on agency partnerships, but may include cross-cultural performance, community-based drama, theatre of social justice or development or the creation of theatrical texts from oral histories or personal narratives, and as such the course may culminate in an original, devised theatre performance. May be repeated, but may not count as more than one course toward the theatre major. Not offered 2013-2014.

305 Persuasion and Propaganda (3). F, S. The theory and practice of persuasive communication. Topics include theory and research of persuasion, improving personal persuasive abilities, recognizing and resisting persuasive strategies, and the role of propaganda in modern society. Examples for analysis are taken from advertising, religion, sales, political campaigns, and democratic and totalitarian propaganda.

316 Principles for Stage and Screen (4). An introduction to the practice and theory of directing. Through readings, critical analysis of scripts, discussions, performance exercises, and critique of live and filmed performance, students develop an understanding of the directing process from the inception of the script to the final product. Students create a full directorial analysis of a script and produce several finished scenes, applying rehearsal techniques, working with actors and learning to enhance their own productions through careful criticism and thoughtful assessment of the art of directing. Not offered 2013-2014..

318 American Politics and Mass Media (3). A survey of the relationship between American politics and the mass communications media. The course covers the way the federal government, through its regulations and its dissemination of information, affects the operations of the media, and how the media influence the social and political values of Americans and the functioning of the political system. Also listed as Political Science 318. Not offered 2013-2014.

319 Production Design (3). S. A study of the craft and art of production design for theatre, television and film from introductory technical production practices to finished design projects. Includes reading discussions, student presentations, workshops, demonstrations and group critique of student artwork aimed toward the development of basic competence in scenic, wardrobe and lighting design. Special attention is paid to the communication of design ideas in the form of written concept descriptions and oral presentation of work as well as the visual communication tools of the artist, including the use of basic computer design and visualization technologies.

320 World and Ancient Theatre History (3). S. A historical and cultural study investigating a range of influential world theater traditions, including: the ancient theatres of Greece, Rome and India; the classical age of African dance and theatre; the golden ages of classical Chinese and Japanese dance-song-theatre; and the religious ritual drama of First People's theatre in the Americas. The course will focus on a study of theatre's early sources, considering especially the religious and ritual elements of theatrical development. In so doing, the course will examine various viewpoints such as the impact of cultural identity, religious identities, gender roles, aesthetics, the meaning of power and the meaning of play.

321 Western Theatre History (3). A historical and cultural study investigating a wide range of western theatre traditions mainly from the Renaissance to the present. The history of theatre is studied as an art, as a medium of cultural expression and communication, and as a social institution. The theatre of the past is examined both for its own artistic techniques and for the knowledge that it may shed on the cultural patterns and values of the societies in which it has served as a forum of the public imagination. Not offered 2013-2014.

323 Advanced Acting for Stage and Screen (3). In this course, students develop advanced performance skills including identifying and playing in different styles, detailed character analysis, and scene study. Students learn techniques for both stage and camera acting, culminating in a final performance project in each medium. Not offered 2013-2014.

346 Internship in Communication (4). F, S. Students work in profit or non-profit communication under the supervision of a professional. Typical placements include public relations or advertising agencies, broadcast or cable stations, video production companies and the like. A journal and seminar participation are required. Grading is based on the professional's evaluation, the student's daily journal, and seminar participation. Prerequisites: Junior or senior status, 2.5 GPA, and permission of the department. .

351 Advanced Digital Filmmaking (3). S. The intensive study and production of video in a particular style or genre. The course focus, designated by a subtitle, will alternate among various genres of style, content, and form. Thorough investigation of creative, ethical, and technical requirements will culminate in student-produced projects. Prerequisite: 249 and 250 or 290; 248 recommended.

352 Communication Ethics (3).F. This course examines the moral dimensions of human communication, exploring dilemmas in interpersonal, group, and mediated communication, with special reference to problems encountered in communications professions. While wrestling with cases and controversies, students also review and apply historic criteria for coming to reasoned moral judgment, including the contemporary voices of feminist, determinist, post-modern, and naturalist ethicists. Major Christian positions are reviewed and applied. Case studies are the focus, with a variety of learning opportunities and encouragement for students to pursue personal learning objectives. Prerequisites: biblical foundations I, developing a Christian mind, and philosophical foundations

390 Independent Study.F, I, and S. Independent study of topics of interest to particular students, under the supervision of a member of the department. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

395 Special Topics in Communication: Social Justice Documentary Production and the Christian Worldview (3) S. Students will work in teams to produce socially oriented documentary shorts, with an emphasis on observational shooting and editing techniques. In addition to production work, the course will feature class discussion about contemporary Christian attitudes towards social justice and the effectiveness of the "social justice documentary" as a tool for holistic social change. Prerequisite: CAS 190.

395 Special Topics in Communication: Advanced and Acting & Directing for Stage & Screen (4) S. Students will learn three specific techniques used by contemporary directors and actors. First, we will focus on Stanislavskian Method, then move on to the realistic acting techniques of Sanford Meisner, and end with the more stylized performances of independent cinema and experimental theatre. The first half of the semester, we will work on scripts for the stage, and in the second half we will adapt these scripts for screen, executing professional shoots with the students in Advanced Media Production. Students will choose a focus of acting or directing.

399 Senior Seminar (3). S. This capstone course examines the application of a Reformed worldview to understanding communication and culture, especially communication-related vocations. It concentrates on the relationships between the Christian faith and professional communication and focuses on the ways in which communication-related professions define professional activity and on the responsibilities that Christians have to work in and through professions. It also examines a Christian view of success, the importance of understanding one's gifts, finding and using mentors, committing to a location, mastering persuasive, honest interviewing and resume-writing, networking with reciprocity, overcoming Christian tribalism in a world economy, and being patiently flexible in the face of economic and cultural changes. Prerequisites: Biblical foundations I or theological foundations I, Developing a Christian mind, and philosophical foundations.

Speech pathology & audiology

101 Introduction to Speech Pathology and Audiology (3). F, S. A general introduction to speech-language pathology and audiology. These rapidly growing interdisciplinary professions are devoted to helping individuals manage or overcome communication challenges. Communication is a God-given gift that allows us to be social beings. When people have difficulty communicating, it affects almost all aspects of their lives. Students will gain a general understanding of prevention, evaluation, and rehabilitation issues for persons with speech, language, and hearing disorders in clinical and educational settings.

210 Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech, Hearing, and Language Mechanisms (4). S. A study of the anatomic and physiologic bases for the development and use of speech, language, and hearing. The course focuses on the central and peripheral auditory mechanisms of the human body, and on the respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory mechanisms required for speech production.

216 Phonetics (4).F. S. A study of phonetic theories and the use of International Phonetic Alphabet symbols in analyzing, categorizing, and transcribing the sounds of the world's languages, focusing on American English. The course emphasizes understanding the processes involved in the production of specific phonemes. The laboratory section of the course focuses on developing students' skills in broad and narrow transcription.

217 Speech Science (3). F, An introduction to speech physiology and the instrumentation used to measure physiologic aspects of speech. Topics include a basic understanding of the acoustic theories of speech production, experience in acoustic instrumentation, recording, and analysis equipment and procedures, an overview speech perception, and clinical applications of the speech science theories, instrumentation, and procedures. No prerequisites.

218 Hearing Science (3). S. An introduction to hearing and hearing science. Topics include the physics of sound, the anatomy and physiology of the human auditory system, and the psychophysics of human hearing. Prerequisite is SPAUD 217: Speech Science.

311 Child Language Development (3).F, S. An examination of early language development research in phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Theories of language acquisition and implications for practice are examined. Particular attention is given to the role of adults in language development and to the relationship between language development and cognitive development. Also listed as Education 311. Prerequisites: An introductory course in psychology or education or permission of the instructor.

343 Principles of Communication Neuroscience (3). I. This course provides a thorough understanding of nervous system anatomy and physiology as it relates to speech, language, and hearing. Principles of molecular biology, systems theory, neuromuscular control, somatosensory processing and complex cognitive function are included. Select communication disorders are discussed to highlight the effects of breakdowns in nervous system function during speech, language, and hearing processes.

344 Audiology (3). F. The study of the classification of hearing disorders and the behavioral and electrophysiological measurement of hearing, including subjective and objective testing procedures. Prerequisites: CAS 210, 216, 217 and 218.

345 Aural Rehabilitation (3). S. The study of the fundamental aspects of auditory rehabilitation, including individual and group amplification systems, auditory training, speech reading, and counseling with children and adults. Prerequisites: CAS 210, 217, 218 and 344.

370 Introduction to Clinical Practicum: Observation (3). F This course provides a supervised clinical experience in which the student clinician observes individuals who have various speech, language, or hearing impairments under the supervision of a speech-language pathologist or audiologist. This course is required as the initial field experience for speech pathology and audiology majors and is designed to introduce students to general therapy and assessment procedures across the disciplines. Prerequisites are SPAUD 101, 210, 216, 217, 218, and 311.

384 Speech Sound Disorders across the Lifespan (3). F. Students learn about the nature, assessment and treatment of speech sound disorders in children and adults. Students review the developmental, anatomical and physiological aspects of speech sound production, learn the causes of speech sound disorders, and differentiate the characteristics of developmental, sensory, motor and neurological speech sound disorders. Prerequisites are SPAUD 210, 216, 217, 218, and 311. It is a required course for SPAUD BA-only majors.

385 Language Disorders across the Lifespan (3). S. This course on language disorders focuses on a basic understanding of pediatric and adult language differences, delays and disorders related to language-learning disabilities, attention-deficit disorders, aphasias, dementia, and traumatic brain injury.. The course is a required course for BA-only SPAUD majors It is a required course for BA-only majors.

501 Diagnostic Procedures in Speech-Language Pathology (3).F. A study of the concepts and processes of the assessment and diagnosis of speech, language and swallowing disorders. Students learn best practice guidelines and ethical considerations for assessing the disorders commonly evaluated by speech-language pathologists.

503 Language Disorders I: Infants, Toddlers and Preschool Children (3).F. A study of the nature, assessment and treatment of language disorders in infants, toddlers, and preschool children. Students learn language assessment practices and treatment strategies that are developmentally appropriate for young children that concentrate on improving communication between young children and their communication partners. Strategies for working with families with culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are addressed throughout the course.

504 Language Disorders II: School-Age (3). S. A study of the nature, assessment and treatment of language disorders in elementary, middle, and high school students. Students learn language assessment practices and treatment strategies for the school-aged population. Strength-based assessments and evidence-based practice models will be highlighted in the course along with models for collaborating with teachers and other school-based professionals. .

505 Research Methods in Speech-Language Pathology (3). S. A study of the speech-language pathologist's role as clinical researcher. Students read and critically analyze existing research related to speech-language pathology, and learn common research designs and data analysis techniques. Students are required to design a research project.

506 Aphasia (3). F. Students learn about the nature, prevention, assessment, and treatment of aphasia. Cognitive and social aspects of aphasia, such as the impact of aphasia on the family, as well as the psychological, neurological, linguistic, and cultural correlates of aphasia will be included.

508 Speech Sound Disorders (3). (3).SS. Students learn about the nature, assessment and treatment of speech disorders in children. Students review normal aspects of articulation and phonological development, learn the causes for speech sound disorders, and discuss phonological assessment practices and treatment strategies, as related to evidence-based practice guidelines.

510 Fluency Disorders (3). SS. Study of the etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of fluency disorders in children and adults. Fluency disorders and their impact on individuals across the lifespan will be examined. Students learn methods of formal and informal assessment techniques, different theories and practices for treatment, counseling issues, and preventative strategies for fluency disorders in adults and children.

512 Augmentative and Alternative Communication (3). I. Study of the augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) assessment and treatment needs of individuals with developmental and acquired disabilities across the age continuum. Students are required to participate in technology labs to gain experience with various methods of AAC strategies and devices.

515 Seminar in Speech-Language Pathology (3). S. An advanced seminar on topics of current interest in speech-language pathology.

520 Motor Speech Disorders (3). F Study of motor speech disorders resulting from progressive and non-progressive neurological lesions of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Emphasis is placed on etiology and neuropathology of different dysarthric syndromes, as well as on corresponding diagnostic and management options.

521 Voice and Voice Disorders (3). F A theoretical and applied study of human voice anatomy and physiology and diagnosis and treatment of vocal disorders. This course covers the anatomy and physiology underlying normal voice production, the functional and organic disorders of voice, diagnostic procedures including clinical evaluation and standardized assessments, psychological interviewing principles and counseling of clients with voice disorders and the principles and techniques of voice therapy for children and adults.

522 Neurocognitive Communication Disorders (3). S. Study of the characteristics, underlying pathology, evaluation, and treatment of communication disorders associated with acquired cognitive impairment including dementia and traumatic brain injury. Students learn the psychological, neurologic, linguistic, and cultural correlates of adult communication disorders, as well as the cognitive and social aspects associated with dementia, agnosia, non-dominant hemisphere injury, and traumatic brain injury.

523 Dysphagia (3). SS Study of the nature, assessment, and treatment of swallowing disorders in adults and children. Topics include the anatomy and physiology of the normal and abnormal swallow, followed by descriptions of specific disorders that may affect each stage of the swallow. Information on normal and abnormal swallows will be integrated to provide the student with the basic entry level knowledge and skills needed to assess and implement a treatment plan for adult/pediatric patients with dysphagia.

524 Cleft and Craniofacial Disorders (3).S. Study of the development, characteristics, evaluation, and treatment of children with cleft lip and/or palate as well as other craniofacial syndromes that affect speech, language, hearing, and swallowing. Ethical issues, including a discussion of medical and social models of disability as related to persons with craniofacial differences, will be addressed..

530 Clinical Practicum: On-Campus 1 (3). F. This course provides clinical experiences in which students work directly with individuals with various communicative disorders in the Calvin Speech and Hearing Clinic. It also includes a clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice. Students take this course in the fall, spring and summer semesters of their fourth year.

531 Clinical Practicum: On-Campus 2 (3). S. This course provides supervised clinical experiences in which students work directly with individuals with various communicative disorders in the Calvin Speech and Hearing Clinic. It also includes a clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice.

532 Clinical Practicum: On-Campus 3 (3). SS. This course provides the third of three supervised clinical experiences in which students work directly with individuals with various communicative disorders in the Calvin Speech and Hearing Clinic. It also includes a clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice.

540 Clinical Practicum: Externship 1 (6). F. This course provides students with continued clinical learning through supervised experiences in selected off-campus sites. The course includes an advanced clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice. Current research and technological advances are considered for clinical application.

541 Clinical Practicum: Externship 2 (6). S. This course provides students with continued clinical learning through supervised experiences in selected off-campus sites. The course includes an advanced clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice. Current research and technological advances are considered for clinical application.

542 Clinical Practicum: Externship 3 (6) SS. This course provides students with continued clinical learning through supervised experiences in selected off-campus sites. The course includes an advanced clinical seminar session to present cases and discuss Christian perspectives of practice. Current research and technological advances are considered for clinical application.

595 Thesis (1). F, S. and SS. For this course, students must successfully complete a mentored research project that results in an oral presentation and a written research thesis on a selected topic in speech-language pathology. Students must register for this course four times to complete the thesis.

599  Critical Reflections in Speech Pathology (3). S. This capstone course examines the application of a Reformed worldview to understanding communication and the consequences of communicative disorders. It focuses on the ways in which speech pathologists define professional activity and on the responsibilities that Christians have to work in and through this profession. Students expand their knowledge of professional ethics through a case study approach and address issues such as evidence-based practice, reimbursement issues, and conflicts of professional interest.